Habitat types

Inside the RMRNP can be found 26 different habitat types listed on the Annex I of the Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC. Four of them are characterized as natural habitat types of community interest. In the following table are presented the habitat types which can be found in the RMRNP:

 

 

 HABITAT TYPES OF THE RODOPI MOUNTAIN RANGE NATIONAL PARK (RMRNP)

 

NATURAL HABITAT TYPES IN THE RMRNP LISTED ON THE HABITATS DIRECTIVE 92/43/EEC

 
No HABITAT TYPE CODE under the HABITATS DIRECTIVE 92/43/EEC CORINE 91 CODE DESCRIPTION
 
The sign "*" indicates priority habitat types.
 
3. FRESHWATER HABITATS
 
32. Running water — sections of water courses with natural or seminatural dynamics (minor, average and major beds) where the water quality shows no significant deterioration
1 3290 24.16, 24.53 Intermittently flowing Mediterranean rivers of the Paspalo-Agrostidion
 
4. TEMPERATE HEATH AND SCRUB
 
2 4060 31.4, 31.43, 31.46, 31.47, 31.49 Alpine and Boreal heaths
 
5. SCLEROPHYLLOUS SCRUB (MATORRAL)
 
52. Mediterranean arborescent matorral
3 5210 32.131 until 32.136 Arborescent matorral with Juniperus spp.
 
6. NATURAL AND SEMI-NATURAL GRASSLAND FORMATIONS
 
61. Natural grasslands
4 6170 36.41 until 36.44, 36.37, 36.38 Alpine and subalpine calcareous grasslands
62. Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies
5 6210 34.31 until 34.34 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites)
6 6230* 35.1, 36.31, 36.35α Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe)
7 62A0   Eastern sub-Mediterranean dry grasslands (Scorzoneratalia villosae)
64. Semi-natural tall-herb humid meadows
8 6430 37.87 Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels
 
7. RAISED BOGS AND MIRES AND FENS
 
71. Sphagnum acid bogs
9 7130* (και 7132*) 52.1, 52.2 Blanket bogs (* if active bog)
10 7140   Transition mires and quaking bogs
 
8. ROCKY HABITATS AND CAVES
 
82. Rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation
11 8210 62.1 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation
12 8220 62.2 Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation
 
9. FORESTS
 
91. Forests of Temperate Europe
13 9110 41.11 Luzulo-Fagetum beech forests
14 9130 41.13 Asperulo-Fagetum beech forests
15 9150 41.16 Medio-European limestone beech forests of the Cephalanthero-Fagion
16 9170 41.261 Galio-Carpinetum oak-hornbeam forests
17 9180* 41.4 * Tilio-Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines
18 91E0* 44.13, 44.3, 44.514, 44.913 α * Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae)
92. Mediterranean deciduous forests
19 9260 41.9 Castanea sativa woods
20 9270 41.1A Hellenic beech forests with Abies borisii-regis
21 9280 41.1B Quercus frainetto woods
22 92A0 44.1412 & 44.6153 Salix alba and Populus alba galleries
23 92C0 44.711 Platanus orientalis and Liquidambar orientalis woods (Platanion orientalis)
94. Temperate mountainous coniferous forests
24 9410 42.21 until 42.23, 42.24α Acidophilous Picea forests of the montane to alpine levels (Vaccinio-Piceetea)
95. Mediterranean and Macaronesian mountainous coniferous forests
25 9530* (9536*) 42.6, 42.66 * (Sub-) Mediterranean pine forests with endemic black pines
26 95Α0 42.72 High oro-Mediterranean pine forests
 

NATURAL HABITAT TYPES IN THE RMRNP NOT LISTED ON THE HABITATS DIRECTIVE 92/43/EEC

 
No HABITAT TYPE CODE under the HABITATS DIRECTIVE 92/43/EEC
CORINE 91 CODE DESCRIPTION
 
1. COASTAL AND HALOPHYTIC HABITATS
 
27 1021 82, 87.1, 87.2 Fields of cereals, beets, sunflowers, leguminous fodder, potatoes and other annually harvested plants. Faunal and floral quality and diversity depend on the intensity of agricultural use and on the presence of borders of natural vegetation between fields. Also included ruderal communities and fallow fields.
 
5. SCLEROPHYLLOUS SCRUB (MATORRAL)
 
51. Sub-Mediterranean and temperate scrub
28 5150 31.86, 31.863 Extensive, often closed communities of the large fern Pteridium aquilinum.
52. Mediterranean arborescent matorral
29 5211 32.131 Arborescent matorral dominated by Juniperus oxycedrus s.l.
 
6. NATURAL AND SEMI-NATURAL GRASSLAND FORMATIONS
 
61. Natural grasslands
30 6173 36.43 Xero-thermophile, open, sculptured, stepped or garland grasslands of the Mediterranean mountains.
62. Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies
31 6211 34.311  Semi-natural dry grasslands on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites)
 
8. ROCKY HABITATS AND CAVES
 
82. Rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation
32 8219 62 Cliffs, rock faces, limestone pavements, the plant communities that colonize their cracks, and their associated animal communities.
 
9. FORESTS
 
91. Forests of Temperate Europe
33 91Κ0 41.B35 Southern outposts of Betula pendula in Rodopi mountains of northern Greece.
92. Mediterranean deciduous forests
34 924Α 41.733, 41.762, 41.765 Thermophilous oak forests in the East Mediterranean and the Balcan peninsula
35 925Α 41.8, 41.81 41.811, 41.812, 41.813, 41.82 Forests of Ostrya carpinifolia, Carpinus betulus and mixed thermophilous forests
94. Temperate mountainous coniferous forests
36 9440 42.5C Greek scots pine forests  (Pinus sylvestris)
37   41.763 Quercus dalechampii-dominated formations.(syn. Quercus petraea Liebl. subsp. medwediewii (A. Camus) Menitsky according to Christensen -1997)
 
REFERENCES:     - NATURA 2000
 - NATURA 2000 (2007). INTERPRETATION MANUAL OF EUROPEAN UNION HABITATS
 - Hellenic Ministry for the Environment Physical Planning & Public works. (2002). Environmental Study of the Rodopi Mountain Range
 - Hellenic Ministry for the Environment Physical Planning & Public works .  (2001). TECHNICAL GUIDE of MAPPING
 
* priority natural habitat types means: means natural habitat types in danger of disappearance, which are present on the territory referred to in Article 2 and for the conservation of which the Community has particular responsibility in view of the proportion of their natural range which falls within the territory referred to in Article 2. (COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 92/43/EEC)